Empiricism is seen in distinction from rationalism, in that it doubts the viability of universal principles rational or otherwise, and uses sense data as the basis of all knowledge. His books didnt sell well and the people who understood hume well, such as thomas reid, criticized him sharply. If you judged david hume the man by his philosophy, you may judge him as disagreeable. David hume 7 may 1711 25 august 1776 was a philosopher and historian from scotland. Essential readings for the nonbeliever, and more on.
Don garrett is kenan distinguished professor in the department of philosophy at the university of north carlolina, chapel hill. This thesis investigates humes philosophy of external existence in relation to, and within the context of, his philosophy of scepticism. See all books authored by david hume, including an enquiry concerning human understanding, and the portable atheist. In light of humes central role in the scottish enlightenment, and in the history of western philosophy, bryan magee judged him as a philosopher widely regarded as the greatest who. The philosophy of david hume by david hume goodreads. Amongst his books are new studies in the philosophy of descartes, the credibility of divine existence and his translation of kants critique of pure reason. David humes philosophical works included a treatise of human nature 173940, an enquiry concerning the principles of morals 1751, an enquiry concerning human understanding 1758, and dialogues concerning natural religion posthumously published in 1779. A bibliography of david hume and of scottish philosophy new york. The next book is usually known by philosophers as the first enquiry, but its full title is an enquiry concerning human understanding. This volume includes substantial selections from humes major works in moral thought and a number of peripheral works, which together provide an illuminating introduction to humes moral philosophy.
I think this is more distinctively humes contribution to western, and particularly angloamerican thought, the foundation of the empirical, pragmatic tradition. Humes theory of ethics has been influential in modernday metaethical theory, helping to inspire emotivism, and ethical expressivism and noncognitivism, as well as allan gibbard s general theory of moral judgment and judgments of rationality. David hume simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. David humes comprehensive attempt to base philosophy on a new, observationally grounded study of human nature is one of the most important texts in western philosophy. These are the doctrines of the first book of the treatise. Norman kemp smiths work was, and is, deservedly a watershed in humes studies. David hume the book of life is the brain of the school of life, a gathering of the best ideas around wisdom and emotional intelligence. In his two main works on metaphysics a treatise of human nature 173940 and the first enquiry first ed. David hume, scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist known especially for his philosophical empiricism and skepticism.
Norman kemp smiths the philosophy of david hume has long been regarded as a classic study by scholars in the field a groundbreaking book that has since. See all books authored by david hume, including an enquiry concerning human understanding, and. Including quick summaries for beginners of modern philosophy books, eastern philosophy, western philosophy and more. This volume includes substantial selections from humes major works in moral thought and a number of peripheral works, which together provide an. His introduction provides a crisp, clear, and helpful overview of humes ethics, as well as a useful list of additional readings. Treatise of human nature 1740 essays concerning human understanding 1748 natural history of religion 1757 in summary, david hume criticized the dogmatic rationalism of the seventeenth century and brought the principle of causality in the subjective opinion. Educated at edinburgh, he lived 173437 in france, where he finished his first. This book provides a great way to study humes moral philosophy. Humes fame didnt really show up until after he died.
Educated at edinburgh, he lived 173437 in france, where he finished his first philosophical work, a treatise of human nature 173940. His other philosophical works include an enquiry concerning human understanding 1748. Or, starting from an effect, when they see the ground to be generally wet, they not only think of rain but believe that there has been rain. David hume is a world famous historian, economist and philosopher hailing from the united kingdom. Geoffrey sayremccord is professor of philosophy, university of north carolina. Humes moral philosophy stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. His skeptical and empiricist approach towards philosophy added a new dimension to studies of the discipline. Hume was writing at a time shortly after newton, when newton and his theories had the status of the beatles and their works so hume and the people for whom he was writing not only knew about newtons mechanics but they were front of mind. A treatise of human nature oxford philosophical texts, david fate. David hume hume, david, 171176, scottish philosopher and historian. It includes the entirety of humes enquiry concerning the principles of morals, very substantial portions of his treatise of human nature, and a selection of key essays on morality, politics, and art. But today, people think of hume as an important philosopher.
Dennis rasmussen, author of the infidel and the professora book about smiths friendship with david humeselects the best books by and about adam smith. Humes father, lawyer joseph home, died in 17, and humes mother, katherine, raised their three children alone. Despite the enduring impact of his theory of knowledge, hume seems to have considered himself chiefly as a moralist. List of books and articles about david hume online research. David hume, a british and empiricist philosopher, wrote essentially the following works. In the posthumously published dialogues concerning natural religion, the enlightenment philosopher david hume. The eight best books on or by david hume the daily idea. Bill davis, professor of philosophy, covenant college. The editor sayremccord is an expert on hume and contemporary metaethics. With his calvinist family, young hume faithfully attended services. An enquiry concerning human understanding full audiobook. He believed that a statement of fact alone can never give rise to a normative conclusion of what ought to be done. Hume is often hailed as one the finest philosophers the world has ever seen.
List of books and articles about david hume online. This book, which he subtitled an attempt to introduce the experimental method of reasoning into moral subjects, is now considered to be humes most important work and one of the most important books in the whole of western philosophy, despite its poor initial reception. He was a scottish philosopher who epitomized what it means to be skeptical. But james andersons book shows that it is the followers of hume who should be frightened. Learn more about his life and ideas in this article. Humes main ethical writings are book 3 of his treatise of human. He repudiated the possibility of certain knowledge, finding in the mind nothing but a series of sensations, and held that causeandeffect in the natural world derives. David hume, entry in the internet encyclopedia of philosophy, by james feiser university of tennessee, martin david hume archived version of a webpage on hume by bill uzgalis oregon state. David hume hyoom, 171176, scottish philosopher and historian.
The next year saw the publication of book iii, of morals, as well as his anonymous abstract of books i and ii. David hume was born david home on april 26, 1711, in edinburgh, scotland. Its a nearly perfect entry point for the study of humes moral philosophy. David hume books list of books by author david hume thriftbooks. David hume was a scottish historian, philosopher, economist, diplomat and essayist known today especially for his radical philosophical empiricism and scepticism. David hume was perhaps the leading light in the empiricist movement in philosophy. Kants biggest problem is that he also was not a good student of newton and he gave hume too much credit. Moral philosophy hackett classics series series by david hume. Hume then considers the process of causal inference, and in so doing he introduces the concept of belief. Hume carried the empiricism of john locke and george berkeley to the logical extreme of radical skepticism. When he was still alive, people thought of him as a historian.
An enquiry concerning human understanding david hume. David hume 17111776 was a scottish thinker who made substantial contributions to the fields of epistemology, metaphysics, religion, mind, aesthetics, morals, politics, history and economics. Anderson presents an account of hume that is accurate and comprehensive, yet concise. Moral philosophy edition 1 by david hume 9780872205994. Economist david hume biography, theories and books. A treatise of human nature, edited by david fate norton and mary j. Between 1919 and 1945 he was professor of logic and metaphysics at the university of edinburgh. He is traditionally classified as one of the three most important british empiricists along with john locke 16321704 and george berkeley 16851753. David hume books list of books by author david hume. Edinburgh university press and the humanities research center, austin, texas, 1974, pp. Humes empiricist approach to philosophy places him with john locke, george berkeley, francis bacon and thomas hobbes as a british empiricist. This guide includes the best philosophy books from throughout history. No 87 a treatise of human nature by david hume 1739 this is widely seen as philosopher david humes most important work, but its.
This is widely seen as philosopher david humes most important work. While philosophy has moved on in its estimate and understanding of david hume and his philosophy, kemp smiths work is clearly the fountainheadwhether one agrees or not with. David hume, 1711 1776 ce, was a sentimentalist who held that ethical behavior is and should be based on emotion or sentiment rather than abstract moral principle, and in fact stated that reason is, and ought only to be the slave of the passions. An enquiry concerning human understanding david hume 1711 1776 the enquiry concerning human understanding is a shortened and simplified version of humes masterpiece a treatise of human nature. The next book is usually known by philosophers as the first enquiry, but its full title is an enquiry concerning human understanding this was written about a decade after the treatise, and it was designed to make the doctrines of the treatise or at least the ones that by that time hume found himself wedded to more accessible.412 1326 466 231 1189 830 1559 597 1431 738 787 184 682 1133 531 796 1540 1371 1396 748 1500 297 936 1612 1286 1101 668 374 649 1394 1263 1242 1033 1071 1222 1202 1416 969 1429 47 608 174