Circe is also called fairhaired circe, suggesting that this epithet was a stand in for beautiful. What are some examples of epithets from books 10 12, 22. Aeolus presents odysseus with a bag containing all of the winds, and he stirs up a westerly wind to guide odysseus and his crew home. Now that we have read and taken a quiz on book 10, which tells the story of odysseus encounter with circe, we can begin to analyze the effect of the epithets and epic similes in this part of the text. What are descriptive adjectives to describe odysseus from the odyssey. When applied to goddesses it suggests an ideal beauty.
Odysseus is very tempted to stay with circe, but he has serious obligations back in ithaca. An epic simile, also called a homeric simile, is an elaborate comparison that continues for a number of lines. The next day they set sail with the help of circe s magical wind. Book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 books 68 book 9 book 10. Perhaps the most notable epithet used in this version, in reference to circe, is her identification as the nymph with. Of metis and magic mural maynooth university research. The epithets tell about an ingrained trait of odysseus himself or of his life in general.
On that island odysseus men encounter wolves and mountain lions who behave like domestic dogs. The character of circe in the odyssey by mcclymont, j. Kirke circe, a goddess with braided hair, with human speech and with strange powers. Asked in word and phrase origins, word play, puns, and oxymorons are puns like. Calypso, on the other hand, is an egocentric, dominating goddess who holds odysseus captive for seven years in hopes of marrying him. Epic simile in book 10 of the odyssey, odysseus land on. Describe characters and epithets in the odyssey flashcards. Get an answer for what are the epithets about circe in book 10. What are descriptive adjectives to describe odysseus from. Following are examples of epic similes in the odyssey.
Homer makes several references in the odyssey to the deceased traveling down to the realm of hades and his queen, persephone persehfoneee. Analyze epithets identify at least five epithets used to describe. Circe was renowned for her vast knowledge of potions and herbs. Book 10 circe the grace of the witch freebooksummary. Epithets are used because of the constraints of the dactylic hexameter i. Holt literature textbook 9th grade unit 11 the odyssey. A test on the epithets used to describe characters in book 912 of homers the odyssey. Mocked by her far more majestic family, circe is a kind of titanic jane eyre, sensitive and. While theocritus expresses the inefficacy of magic by describing.
Choose from 500 different sets of the odyssey books epithets flashcards on quizlet. In the odyssey, homer employs most of the literary and poetic devices associated with epics. What are the adverbs in the following sentence they hurriedly set up their tents because the. The grace of the witch page 916 literary analysis skillbuilder epithets and epic similes an epithet is a descriptive phrase that presents a particular trait of a person or thing. Start studying the odyssey epithets book ten circe. Homer, odyssey book 10 theoi classical texts library. With the help of the gods, odysseus got his men turned back into humans and had sex with circe. What does odysseus have to promise and have to do in order to calm the nations of the dead. Learn odyssey books 10 epithets with free interactive flashcards.
Book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10 book 11 book 12 book book 14 book 15 book 16 book 17 book 18 book 19 book 20 book 21 book 22 book 23 book 24 themes all themes fate, the gods, and free will piety, customs, and justice cunning, disguise, and selfrestraint memory and grief glory and honor. Im just aware that the ancient text show gratuitous violence especially when slaughtering people for the gods or when slaughtering animals for the same purpose. Twelve children of his, too, there are in the halls, six daughters and six sturdy sons. Odysseus and his men stayed on circe s island for a year but grew increasingly restless. Joseph lawrence if its useful, you could describe the scene in comparison to that of hades with persephone or to that of paris with helen.
What are some examples of epic hero, epic simile, and epithet in. Interestingly, circe is also called fairhaired circe. What are some examples of epic hero, epic simile, and epithet in books 10 and 11. I will argue that both circe and medea were originally associated with metis, which indeed. Then find at least one epic simile, copy it, and record the lines where it is located. Oct 12, 2011 circe, at 86 pages, is comprised of seven sections books. Circe and calypso book summaries, test preparation. A characteristic of homers style is the use of epithets, as in rosyfingered dawn or.
When he resists and is liberated by hermes under orders from zeus, calypso offers him immortality if he will stay. How to write an epithet about yourself education onehowto. Circe kirke greek goddess of sorcery, sorceress of aeaea. Book i a personal, stylized prose poem introduction to and explanation of the authors intimacy with the odyssey, from which her collection draws its allusions. Through the use of these and a magic wand or staff, she would transform her enemies, or those who offended her, into animals. In chapter 10, dawn is referred to as fairhaired dawn and rosyfingered dawn, both epithets describing the beauty of the sunrise. Epithet definition, any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality. Every book on your english syllabus summed up in a quote from the office.
Epic similes are an elaborate comparison between two unlike objects using like or as. Circe, for example, is the nymph with lovely braids 10. As you read books 9, 10, 12, 21, 22, and 23 pay special attention to the epithets or nicknames that homer uses to describe each character. Identify and analyze epic similes, epithets, and allusions. Titles and epithets of aphrodite indicate she was in part a war goddess, these being hoplismena armed, nicephorus bringer of victory, and area warlike. His kingdom is generally referred to as the underworld, being thought of as beneath the earth. An epithet is a term or phrase used to characterize the nature of a character, an object, or an event. Epithet is a common element in literature, coloring characters by specific traits that come to define them. The invocation lines 115 introduce us to odysseus as that man skilled in all ways of contending. Summary and analysis book 10 the bewitching queen of aeaea. Jul 02, 2018 the son of the dagda and river goddess bionn, aengus or aonghus meaning true vigor, was the celtic deity of love, youth, and even poetic inspiration. Nor, similarly, is it surprising that aeolus, whom we meet in the odyssey 10. These are personified pigs in the most literal sense, because, as homer says, only the mens minds stayed steadfast as before 264265. In it are captured all the winds that might drive the ships off.
Circe is a enchantress or sorceress in greek mythology. Mar 30, 2017 an epithet is a rhetorical adjective phrase or figure of speech, generally used for characterizing a thing, person or place. Powerful diction page 230 lines 35 a great floating island it was, and round it all huge ramparts rise of indestructible bronze and sheer rock cliffs shoot up from the sea to sky the quote adds to the overall passage by showing just how magnificent the aeolian island is. A characteristic of homers style is the use of epithets, as in rosyfingered dawn or swiftfooted achilles. The odyssey book 10 bookchat by eli maulfair on prezi. Odysseus continues sharing the story of his journeys with the phaeacians in book 10 of homers the odyssey, including a stay with the god of the winds and meeting circe. The achaeans sail from the land of the cyclopes to the home of aeolus, ruler of the winds. But circe is a strange childnot powerful, like her father, nor viciously alluring like her mother. Even then, circe helps the greeks with supplies and advice. Choose from 500 different sets of odyssey books 10 epithets flashcards on quizlet. The robert fagles translation has been used for all answers.
Perhaps the most notable epithet used in this version, in reference to circe, is her identification as the nymph with lovely braids. Ralph was a specialist in thought now, and could recognize thought in another. Ithaca thrinacia scylla and charybdis sparta ogygia calypso mediterranean seaimportant characters in the odyssey in order of mentionbook 1 cyclopes sfklippcza race of book 12helios hcplcjsqthe sun god, oneeyed giants. Literary devices of the odyssey book summaries, test. Not only do they describe the character they represent, but epithets also add a. Man of twists and turns, much suffering and master mariner are all epithets of odysseus found in the odyssey by homer.
Homer composed the odyssey in a meter known as dactylic hexameter, which gives the epic its elevated style. The sunrise is also personified as rosyfingered dawn. The grace of the witch page 916 literary analysis skillbuilder. Pigs symbolism is apparent in book ten when odysseus men are turned into pigs. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. What are some examples of epithets from books 1012. In this fully recreated childhood, miller finds the roots of circe s later personality and isolation. He was a greek hero, the son of anticlea and laertes, a great leader and eloquent speaker.
What are two epithets used to describe lord helios. The ithakans approach the sirens and, following circe s instructions, odysseus plugs his mens ears with melted beeswax and then instructs them to tie him up. Lord alcinous, renowned above all men, verily this is a good thing, to listen to a minstrel such as this man is, like unto the gods in voice. Figurative language in the odyssey consists of metaphors, personification, and epic or homeric similes. Since ages, authors have used it as a descriptive device of literature with an aim to making someones characteristic more prominent than otherwise. Function of epithet with the use of epithets, writers are able to describe their characters and settings more vividly, in order to give richer meanings to the text. Epic similes sometimes contain words such as like, as, so, or just as. Athena, sometimes called pallas athena or simply pallas, often carries the epithet sparklingeyed l. The stormtossed great odysseus is a very appropriate epithet since it describes odysseus long journey on the sea towards home. Homer, odyssey book 9 theoi classical texts library.
The mortal tendency to succumb to temptation manifests itself throughout book 10. All the winds jumped out and ran riot, thus driving them to the island of sorceress circe, who turned many of the men into pigs. Having escaped the cyclops, odysseus and his men arrive at the home of aeolus, master of the winds, where they are greeted warmly and hosted for a month. Among other characteristics, hair gets a lot of attention in epithets. The most blatant instance of personification in the poem is in book 10, when circe uses magic to transform odysseus men into pigs. A simile is a comparison between two unlike things that have something in common. Turning to the world of mortals for companionship, she. In this epic greek poem, homer recounts numerous epithets for odysseus as well as for the other major greek characters in the poem. In lines 611, homer uses an epic simile describing circes wolves and mountain lions.
Odysseus crew lands next on the island of aiolia, ruled by. Richard the lionhearted is an epithet of richard i. How does the simile help you picture the scene that odysseus is describing. Son of laertes and seed of zeus, resourceful odysseus, you shall no longer stay in my house when none of you wish to. This translation is rich in its use of epithets and poetic turns of phrasing. Milton employs epithets grayfly, and blind mouths in this excerpt, describing first insects, and later referring to the desire of feeding the mouths. During this time elpenor, one of the men, died in a drunken fall from circe s roof. The importance of circe s word, the luxury of the palace, good times, circe s ultimate support and hospitality, the need to visit hades and hear from tiresias. The odyssey is an epic poem and epic similes in the odyssey abound. What are five epithets used to describe odysseus in part 1. Ithaca thrinacia scylla and charybdis sparta ogygia calypso mediterranean seaimportant characters in the odyssey in order of mention book 1 cyclopes sfklippcza race of book 12helios hcplcjsqthe sun god, oneeyed giants. Learn the odyssey books epithets with free interactive flashcards. Just as odysseus taunts the blinded polyphemus in book 9 by boasting about his defeat of the cyclops, the members of his crew prove unable to resist looking into aeoluss bag, and their greed ends up complicating their nostos, or homeward voyage. Circe told odysseus to travel to the land of the dead to speak to the prophet tiresias.
Circe, like calypso, is an immortal goddess who seeks to prevent odysseus from. Circe sirsee eurylochus yoorilluhcuss death death is hades, the god who rules over the dead. Odysseus reveals another flaw in book 10 that compounds his hubrispoor. In the chart below, write down epithets that are used to describe odysseus and circe in book 10. Odysseus makes a sacrifice to hades and pale persephone, his bride, who was kidnapped and forced to live with him for six months every year. Additionally, you can observe her being referred to as circe. In the house of helios, god of the sun and mightiest of the titans, a daughter is born.
Circe isnt eating her guests, but shes doing the next worse thing. This is one of the many epic similes of the odyssey. Apr, 2014 epic simile in book 10 of the odyssey, odysseus land on circe s island. The final excerpts describe odysseus homecoming and his reunion with. Epithet definition in the cambridge english dictionary. The first episode in that book deals with the story of glaucus and scylla. One of the most noticeable features of homers odyssey. In the mythical narrative, to cover up his illicit affair and consequent pregnancy of bionn, the dagda who was the leader of the celtic gods and could magically control the weather made the sun stand still for nine months, which. Eager to move on, odysseus receives an oxskin pouch from aeolus. The odyssey book 10 lyrics aeolus, the laestrygones, circe thence we went on to the aeolian island where lives aeolus son of hippotas, dear to the immortal gods.
The odyssey epithets book ten circe flashcards quizlet. The story of circe and odysseus is recounted by homer in the tenth book of the odyssey. References are in book, number format, also based on the fagles. She is a daughter of the god helios and either the oceanid nymph perse or the goddess hecate. Circe s initial reception of odysseus men, her witchcraft. For this section of the lesson, i will model several examples of epithets. Circe, however, loved glaucus for herself, so, when he scorned her, she gave him a potion which turned scylla into the hideous sailorpreying monster odysseus and his crew had to evade soon after leaving circes island. An epithet is a descriptive phrase that presents a particular trait of a person or thing. For an example, consider william goldings character piggy in lord of the flies. It is a tag or nickname that can be used on its own or together with the.
John curtis franklin, structural sympathies in ancient greek and southslavic heroic singing. For the complete lyrics, please see your text, but the sirens basically promise odysseus immortal knowledge. What 2 epithets does the prophet use to describe odysseus. Epithets from odyssey books 1 to 12 fagles translation. These epithets often provide a strong indication of the most vital aspects of the characters internal motivations.
Write these epithets into the chart, with page numbers. English grammar parts of speech adjectives and adverbs. Further, one epithet often used to describe odysseus, which circe uses as. It is the past tense and past participle of the verb, and can also be used as an adjective e. Were not sure if its actually in the rule book, but turning your guests into pigs is probably not going to win you the gods favor.577 1580 431 1099 1169 1115 532 166 587 1211 1550 21 281 675 688 202 164 443 1500 628 410 1183 137 115 46 13 1604 295 504 63 78 580 583 602 867 927 848 485 83 692 1468